El Alto, Bolivia at 4,150m.
El Alto in Bolivia sits at 4,150m above sea level making it the highest major metropolis in the world. It is the second largest city in Bolivia and along with its larger neighbour La Paz, sits on the Alitplano, the widest area of the Andes. The Altiplano is the highest plateau on Earth outside of Tibet and is also home to the highest town (as defined as over 10k), La Rinconada in Peru which sits at 5,130m. For context, Mount Everest tops out at 8,848m.
Baku, Azerbaijan at -28m.
On the shores of the Caspian Sea, Baku, in Azerbaijan sits 28m below sea level making it both the lowest major city and capital in the world. The shore of another sea, the Dead Sea, that takes the title of the lowest point on dry land at 418m below sea level. 20 miles from the Dead Sea, Jericho in the Palestine takes the title as the lowest town in the world with an average elevation of -258m. For context, the Eiffel Tower has a height of 300m.
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